Virtual Oceans

Long discussion has happened on Minjerribah about a learning centre, part of the Economic Transition Strategy away from mining set to end in 2019. Talk in the community is that QYAC Native Title Corporation is likely to build a Whale Learning Centre up at Point Lookout on the old tennis courts. Other than the skeletal remains of a hump back whale, the centre is likely to host information about oceans. 

Ocean Ark Alliance is an island based entity concerned with deep water cinematography and capturing the world endangered ocean life.

August 12, 2018 Ocean Ark Alliance and Jo Kaspari shared insights into what is going on with the digital depiction of underwater realms in public places across the globe.

Plankton Productions Pty Ltd is an Australian based specialist media production & services company creating & contributing to a wide range of screen projects from Feature Films, TV Documentary, Education to Marine Video Art and Displays.

Of virtual oceans Plankton Productions states 

"Ocean covers more than 70% of our planet.

Australias coastline stretches 35,000 km, one the longest of any country in the world, and to the north lie many 1000's of islands and reefs in the area known as The Coral Triangle ... No other area on earth hosts as many marine environments and associated species ranging from tropical to temperate as our region ...Nature and life itself happen in 'real time' in a natural ebb and flow and literally endless variety in moods and countless magical moments, brought to the screen it becomes a Virtual Ocean".

Innovations in digital depictions of ocean habitats are happening with entities such The Cube -   $3.5 million dollar installation at Garden's Point, QUT and or iDome at the Edith Cowan University

On the east coast of Australian aquariums exist at a number of locations namely; (Sunshine Coast) (Great Barrier Reef aquarium, Townsville)

Wednesday, March 16, 2016, Premier Annastacia Palaszczuk  made announcements of a World-class $100 million aquarium for South Bank. In 2018 she revoked this decision at about the same time as Treasurer Jackie Trade handed over $11 000 000 to QYAC, on world environment day. Jackie Trad said the funding was on top of $20 million allocated to the North Stradbroke Island Economic Transition Strategy in 2016.

Reef virtual realities are indeed a way for people to experience reefs without destroying them. But innovative technologies become quickly antiquated.

Large scale and immersive projections of reef can be a more economical way to share reefs beauty as with Yadegar Asis's 2015 exhibit at the Asisi Panometer ini Germany with a 1:1 scale installation of the Great Barrier Reef projected on cloth strips. 

Perhaps the most innovative depiction of natural phenomena indoors happens in the hands of artists as with the exhibition entitled ‘Rain Room’ which was created by Hannes Koch, Florian Ortkrass and Stuart Wood, three contemporary artists and graduates from the Royal College of Art in London, or Swedish DJ and Artist Eric Prydz Holographic live works in concert in June 2018.

If minimising capital outlays and maximising likes and shares in situ on digital platforms count for anything, holographic innovation is the way to go.

Community Protest

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Retrieved from July 25, 2018

Mining Minjerriba to end 2019

There are three mines on North Stradbroke Island, all owned by Sibelco Australia Limited (formerly called Unimin Australia Limited), a Belgian owned multi-national company:-

1. Enterprise, also known as ’Devastation South’ which would run out of minerals by 2027 (at the latest) anyway, even if allowed to continue longer (see official information under ‘library/resources’ tab).

2. Yarraman (Devastation North) which runs out of minerals in 2013.
Mining at the Enterprise and Yarraman mines is for mineral sands: zircon, rutile and ilmenite. The main mining method is dredge mining, with some dry mining. These two mines employ about 100 people, only half of whom live on the island.

3. The third mine, Vance, a silica sand mine (Devastation West) employs only 13 people.


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Link to a film produced by Sibelco on their own mining work on the island of Minjerribah (North Stradbroke Island)...

Moogarrapum Creek

Despite it's water quality rating of D, Moorgurrapun Creek it's mangroves and ca is home to a community ofturquoise winged Sacred Kingfisher (Todiramphus sanctus) amidst the Casuarina equisetifolia (or Australian pine tree which is a she-oak species or Billa in local language). Uncle Bob Anderson reflects that this name in language means dugong delicacy.

Erosion, drain pipes, maps and pollution aside the playing with mobile phone photos and apps on site affords some raw black and white visual data of considerable contrast in light, line and reflection.

"Catchment description

Moogarrapum Creek catchment covers an area of 14km2 and is dominated by rural non-urban, commercial and a major landfill site west of the Cleveland Redland Bay Road.

East of the road, dominant land use is urban residential, bushland, waterway corridors and open space users. Rural non urban properties around Redland Bay are serviced by septic/on-site wastewater systems.

Natural features in the catchment on Council land are conservation areas, bushland refuges and Moorarrapum Creek corridors at Days Road, Giles Road, Emperor Drive wetland....

Health summary

Moogurrapum Creek declined to an overall water quality rating of D, indicating the creek is in poor condition with major modification to water quality. Very high levels of chlorophyll-a and high levels of nutrients and low dissolved oxygen influenced the rating this year. The in-stream habitat condition is moderate at sites Moo.02.L.S156 and Moo.01.M.S074 due to channel disturbance, low aquatic habitat diversity and a semi-continuous riparian zone".

Retrieved from August 31, 2017

Cassim a History

THomas Welsby states in his Recollections of the Natives of Moreton Bay. Together with some of their names and Customs of Living delivered before the University Historical Society in 1967 that

"At that time, i.e., about 1879, there were many natives at Amity, some of the real dark old-day men, and as the moon was at its full, an improvised cor- roboree was given by the men and their gins. One comical native—and one, I daresay, well remembered by many boating men—was living there at the time, his gunyah being very close to tlie beach, not far from where the present test-house stands. He liad a deformed arm and leg, and could not take part in the more active games and dances of his comrades. He was a born actor and a wonderfully clever mimic, and as cunning as the verit- able rat. His name was Cassim, or, as he himself would ever put it, John William Cassim, Esquire. He was not the Cassim who kept the hotel at Cleveland'. (p.115)

"Billy Cassim, who sang a fairly decent song, English and black words intermingled, as he deemed it necessary,, was also the author of many Amity Point corroborees. His native name was "Nyoryo" supposed to mean "ropehauler." How often have I heard him sing, "We won't go home till morning," and "Rule Britannia." It hasbeen said that Billy was the composer of two comedies, "The Chinaman Corroboree" and "The South Passage Corroboree." (p.116)

"Billy Cassim died in 1890, and lies asleep not far from his namesake, Cassim of Cleveland, the burial being made in the native quarter in the Dunwich cemetery," (p.117)

An Indian national Johnny Cassim was transported to the Island of Mauritius for the term of  his natural life in 1828.  After transport again to Moreton Bay hee obtained a Ticket of Leave in 1843, Cassim went onto own boarding houses and died in Cleveland in 1884 a property owner and respected business man.

An Aboriginal man John William Cassim Esquire (Billy) was one of the men who rescued survivors of the Sovereign in 1844. It is assumed he took his name after 1855 when Johnny Cassim came into contact with local people. Patrick J Tynan in his book Johnny Cassim Coolie - Convict - Catchumen - Colonial Entrepereur 1814-1884 suggest that Billy Cassim would have "taken on Cassims' name" as "It often happened that Aboriginal people took the name of one of the non-aboriginal arrivals in their area, out of admiration" p.71.

Cassim Island was named after one or perhaps the other of these gentleman.

Of the Cassim Island wreck A. J. Pixley in a 1970 reading Shipwrecks ev Queensland and Adjacent Waters to The Society says

"At the time I thought it may have belonged to the steamer Toondah, the remains of which ship lie on Cassim Island just off Cleveland. This is the ship in which Cecil Fison's grandfather surveyed and beaconed the channels of Moreton Bay. My assumption that this boiler came from the Toondah proved to be wrong. CecU Fison told me that the boiler and engine had been removed at the Port Office. How or why the hull finished up at Cassim Island I am unable to say". (p.154)

Image taken from Tynan, P. J. (2005). Johnny Cassim Coolie - Convict - Catchumen - Colonial Entrepeneur 1814-1884

and Retrieved June 15, 2017


Pixley, A. J. (1970) iShipwrecks ev Queensland and Adjacent Waters. Reading to The Society.

Tynan, P. J. (2005). Johnny Cassim Coolie - Convict - Catchumen - Colonial Entrepeneur 1814-1884. Church Archivist's Press.

Welsby, T. H. O. S. (1917). Recollections of the natives of Moreton Bay. Historical Society of Queensland Journal1, 110-129.

Moreton Bay

""The Moreton Bay is a bay located on the eastern coast of Australia 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) from central Brisbane, Queensland. It is one of Queensland's most important coastal resources.[1] The waters of Moreton Bay are a popular destination for recreational anglers and are used by commercial operators who provide seafood to market.

The Port of Brisbane coordinates large traffic along the shipping channel which crosses the northern section of the bay. The bay serves as a safe approach to the airport and reduces noise pollution over the city to the west of the runway. A number of barge, ferry and water-taxi services also travel over the bay.

Moreton Bay was the site of conflict between the indigenous Quandamooka people and early European settlers. It contains environmentally significant habitats and large areas of sandbanks. The bay is the only place in Australia where dugong gather into herds. Many parts of the mainland foreshore and southern islands are settled.

Moreton Bay is described as lagoonal because of the existence of a series of off-shore barrier islands that restrict the flow of oceanic water.[2] The tidal range is moderate at 1.5–2 metres (4 ft 11 in–6 ft 7 in) in range. Moreton Bay has an average depth of 6.8 metres (22 ft).[2] This shallow depth lets light filter through to the seafloor, allowing an array of marine plants to grow which support a diverse range of fauna. The bay itself covers 1,523 square kilometres (588 sq mi) and has a catchment area 14 times larger, covering 21,220 square kilometres (8,190 sq mi).[2] The waters of the bay are mostly blue in colour. Western parts of the bay are sometimes tinted green from algae, brown from suspended sediments or yellow-brown from humic runoff.[2]"

1. South East Queensland Regional Strategic Group (2000). Strategic Guide to Natural Resource Management in South East Queensland. p. 56. ISBN 0-7345-1740-8.

2. Dennison, William C.; Abal, Eva G. (1999). Moreton Bay Study: A Scientific Basis for the Healthy Waterways Campaign. Brisbane: South East Queensland Regional Water Quality Management Strategy Team. pp. 23–25. ISBN 0-9586368-1-8.


(Retrieved from March 23, 2017)

Tracking the Business of Transit to Minjerriba, Mulgumpin and SMBI

Friday 18th September 2015
• SeaLink Travel Group Limited to acquire 100% of the Transit Systems Marine business, including the renowned Stradbroke Ferries
• Purchase price of $125 million

Transit Systems Marine operates 33 vessels in Queensland at Gladstone, Southern Moreton Bay Islands and North Stradbroke Island. It operates contracted and non-contracted passenger and vehicular ferry services to Curtis Island, Moreton Bay Islands and holds a contract with the Queensland State Government to own and operate the Moggill Ferry on the Brisbane River. It also has a number of strategic properties, which will be acquired as part of the acquisition. The Transit Systems brand will not be acquired as part of the purchase.

Retrieved from April 19 2017

Stradbroke Ferries

Stradbroke Ferries commenced operations in 1964 and has provided a continuous link to the islands off the coast of Brisbane for over 50 years. Stradbroke Ferries operates passenger and car carrying ferries that service the Southern Moreton Bay Islands and North Stradbroke Island in Moreton Bay.

Today the service operates eight vehicle and one passenger ferry and employs over 100 staff. The fleet is headlined by the Big Red Cat and Minjerribah passenger and car carrying vessels that service North Stradbroke Island. The business also operates the Moggill Ferry on behalf of the QLD Transport and Main Roads Department. Stradbroke Ferries carries approximately 280,000 vehicles and 1 million passengers per annum.

Stradbroke Ferries endeavours to provide its customers with:

A high quality, affordable transport service to and from North Stradbroke Island and the Southern Moreton Bay Islands;
A comfortable and enjoyable way to see the beautiful bay;
Exceptional customer service with polite and friendly staff;
Vessels presented to the highest standards; and
Impeccable safety, quality and environmental standards.

Retrieved from April 19 2017

June 2014 marks 50 years of service to North Stradbroke Island!

Stradbroke Ferries Pty Ltd has been providing vehicle and passenger services to North Stradbroke Island since June 1964, when the Company’s founding Directors identified the need for a regular vehicle transport service to the island, and in particular to service the mining industry.

The company originally operated one vehicle ferry, the Myora from Redland Bay to Dunwich on Stradbroke Island, however in 1972 the operations moved to Cleveland after the company completed extensive work on the present facilities at Toondah Harbour.

In 1987 Stradbroke Ferries commenced their vehicle ferry operations to the Southern Moreton Bay Islands, which serviced the islands of Russell, Macleay, Karragarra and Lamb.

Tourism on Straddie first started to advance in the 1980s and the company identified the need to review its vessel configuration to ensure that it also catered for the growing tourism market. Just to name a few, this included the introduction of the Stradbroke Venture in 1987 along with the company’s first water taxi, the Spirit of Stradbroke. The Quandamooka commenced operations in 1994 and was upgraded in 1998 to provide on board café facilities for customers. In 2004 the Minjerribah joined the Cleveland fleet and this provided the company with the two largest vessels to operate in Moreton Bay.

In December 2011, Stradbroke Ferries was purchased by Transit Systems, a family owned Australian company. The company developed a single brand for the entire fleet operating to North Stradbroke Island, including the Big Red Cat and water taxi.

In November 2015, Stradbroke Ferries was purchased by SeaLink Travel Group, which is the largest marine tourism and transport company in Australia. The Moggill Ferry service, BITS (Bay Islands Transit) and Gladstone Ferries marine operation was also included in the acquisition of the Transit Systems marine business.

Today the company operates eight vehicle ferries and a 130 seat water taxi seven days a week, 365 days a year within Moreton Bay; this incorporates the five islands of North Stradbroke, Russell, Lamb, Macleay and Karragarra. April 19 2017

 Map shows transit services line of travel to the islands. Retrieved from

Map shows transit services line of travel to the islands. Retrieved from

Kim WIlliams and 'things ineffably precious'

ABC Vodcast


Episode 6  – 13/03/2017

13 March 2017
Panellists: Mem Fox, Author; Martha Wainwright, Canadian Singer-Songwriter; Neil Armfield, Theatre and opera director; Ursula Yovich, Actress and cabaret singer; and Kim Williams, Author and former media executive.


Neil Armfield Co-director of the Adelaide Festival says the value of the arts is in purely economic terms is massive, filling the state coffers. The 2011 census tells us that 310 000 people have work in the arts nation wide.


Kim Williams states “The arts are absolutely at the heart land of a nations senseself confidence, a nations view of itself, a nations sense of its history as told through stories, music, through painting, through film and through television and of course through theatre.


And to in someway see this as being entirely about commerce reflects what I think is one of the most dangerous things in modern life, where we treat money as the measure of all things, rather than one of many measures.


Other things matter. Knowing one’s history matters. Knowing the nations sense of association with all of the rich diversity of people that repose here, and all the musics that those people comprise, matters. It is not capable of being reduced to some kind of financial argument. It is preposterous to treat everything as if in fact it is a reflection of some monetary transaction …


In relation to the argument that this should all be a sort of commercial destiny, I feel compelled to say ‘well why is that the case?’


Why is it the case where nations over time have invested very heavily, right back have invested very heavily in creative life, with a deliberate purpose to ensure that it is healthy and vigorous because they know it’s good for you. Why should that just be rejected and suddenly become part of a monetarist argument that has nothing at all to do with the underlying ecology of creative and intellectual life. These things are under constant attack….


These are things ineffably precious…..



Mulgumpin (Moreton Island)

Tangalooma is the resort on Mulgumpin (Moreton Island).

"Moorgumpin meaning 'place of sandhills' is the Aboriginal name for Moreton Island and Tangalooma means 'where fishes meet'


In 1950 the Australian Company Whale Products Pty Ltd was formed. Tangalooma was chosen as the site for the largest land-based whaling station in the southern hemisphere.


In June 1963 the Tangalooma Whaling Station was sold to a syndicate of Gold Coast businessmen. In 1980 the resort was purchased by a local Brisbane family, the Osborne's.


Retrieved from April 20, 2017

In terms of tourism, the Asian market has well and truly been cracked by the Tangalooma undertaking. Pictured here is the remaining whale flensing deck. Also Uncle Bob Anderson Ngugi elder, talking on Country about cultural heritage.

Economic Value of Mangroves

"Lorikeet Island is an art project that grew from kayaking with friends on moonlit nights. It is now an installation involving 9 data projectors and 2 sound tracks inviting the viewer to wade a little with us and share the dark flooded forests and the gold lit underworld. It was first installed at the Gold Coast Art Gallery, March 2012".

Artists and collaborators Alana Hampton and Marian Drew

The project catalogue explores the science of the island with 

Sally Kirkpatrick

Operations Manager, Griffith Centre for Coastal Management, Griffith University.

She states

"The economic value of mangroves was acknowledged in a global study in 2005, in which Australia’s wetlands (saltmarshes and mangroves) were valued at $1.7 million per square kilometre(ii). A study in 1990 placed a value of $8,380 per hectare on the mangroves of Moreton Bay based on the market value of the commercial fish species caught during the study(iii).

(iii) Morton, R. M. (1990) Community structure, density and standing crop of fishes in a subtropical Australian mangrove area. Marine Biology, 105, 385-294.


Retrieved from April 20, 2017

Redlands Tourism

"We established a new Redlands Tourism Subcommittee as part of our approach to supporting the local tourism sector. Establishment of the subcommittee is an action of the Redland City Tourism Strategy and Action Plan 2015–2020 [PDF 7.0MB], which was developed with extensive input from tourism operators.

The subcommittee's purpose is to be a forum of Council and local tourism sector leaders to strategically inform, guide and participate in key tourism activities to grow the local tourism economy. 


Retrieved from April 19, 2017

 Image retrieved from  file:///Users/jo/Downloads/Tourism_Strategy_and_Action_Plan.pdf

Image retrieved from  file:///Users/jo/Downloads/Tourism_Strategy_and_Action_Plan.pdf

Goompee Foreshore

The southern mouth of the Rainbow Channel and its still deep waters, lap the sandy foreshores of Goompee (Dunwich) punctured by mining silos.

"In June 1827, Minjerribah was renamed Stradbroke Island by Governor Darling in reverence of the Honourable Captain J.H. Rous, son of the Earl of Stradbroke and also Viscount Dunwich.

Rous was the Captain of the HMS Rainbow, which was the first ship of war to enter Moreton Bay.

Governor Darling also named Dunwich, Rainbow Reach and the Rous Channel in their honour". 

(retrieved from


Bridging the Island

A Redland City Bulletin published and article looking at how island fire risk can be reduced. Author Brian Williams states Redland City Council “owns 475.1 hectares of land on Russell Island, of which 426.6 hectares is conservation land. Russell is about 8km long by 3km wide.” (page 3. Wednesday February 01, 2017).

The Moreton Bay Combined Islands Association believes in part that the building of a bridge to Canaipa (Russell Island) will improve emergency response to island fires.

In this article Brian Williams states

“A bridge was first promoted and then dropped in the mid- 1980’s because it was not viable. In 2010, council commissioned consultants GHD to study island access.

The cheapest bridge would cost about $114 million and require annual revenue of about $8.5 million to break even.

It would need 6.25 million trips or $17 000 trips per day annually to break even after 25 years…. Russell Islanders using the bridge would arrive on the mainland in the middle of nowhere – Little Rocky Point North at Woongoolba – 17 km from the nearest major shopping centre at Beenliegh” (page 6. Wednesday February 01, 2017).

Fallen Trees - A Colossal Vandalism

If this were just unique to Peel Island one might say, it is just about erosion and over use. The same scenario can be seen at Coochiemudlo Island, Flinders Beach and Blakesley's, Minjerriba. Rising sea levels are real and palpable. Perhaps the loss of residential and resort seaside property to the ocean and depreciating land values will spur government and corporations to cap pollutant emissions into the environment.


At a recent gathering of environmentalists in Cleveland's Red Place it was suggested that the picking up of debris from the waters of the Quandamooka and the Bay is Council's responsibility. 

Sitting on the verandah of a dear friend who resides in West End, we talked about volunteering for community endeavour and that it is an act of citizenship. Active 'citizenship' is in itself a political act in defiance of the 'client' mindset endemic in our society. If we all were to adopt the way of thinking that 'Someone should be paid to do this' - be that pick up refuse, make art or deliver West End Derby, then we give away our power rather than claim power.

Volunteering in iand of itself is a way to understand our own and the identity of others, also issues facing our community and environs.